Tag Archives: Ohio

Corporal Melvin Mayfield, USA #MedalOfHonor (July 29, 1945)

MayfieldMelvinMelvin Mayfield was born in Salem, West Virginia on March 24, 1919. He later moved to Ohio, and was living in Nashport when he was drafted into the United States Army on February 11, 1941. What would have been a single year’s service was extended indefinitely with America’s entry into World War II the following December.

Mayfield was a member of Company D, 2nd Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 6th Infantry Division. The division deployed for service in the Pacific in July of 1943 and kept training until they first saw combat in the New Guinea campaign during June of 1944. After that campaign, they were sent to the Philippines.

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Corporal Tony Stein, USMCR (February 19, 1945)

Tony Stein was born on September 30, 1921 in Dayton, Ohio. He was working as a machinist after graduating from high school and volunteered to enlist in the United States Marine Corps Reserve on September 22, 1942. Stein served with the elite Paramarines in the 3rd Marine Division during the Vella Lavella and Bougainville campaigns on active wartime duty with the United States Marine Corps.

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Corporal Edward A. Bennett, Jr., USA (February 1, 1945)

Edward Andrew Bennett, Jr. was born in Middleport, Ohio on February 11, 1920. He was working as a “skilled asbestos and insulation worker” when he was drafted into the United States Army on January 10, 1944. His skilled occupation probably explains why he was inducted so late into the war.

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Private First Class Joe M. Nishimoto, USA (November 7, 1944)

Joe M. Nishimoto was born an American citizen to Japanese parents in Fresno, California on February 21, 1919. He was interned like most Japanese-Americans in the wake of the attack on Pearl Harbor. He was at the Jerome War Relocation Center in Arkansas when his brother-in-law arranged for his release and move to Columbus, Ohio.

Nishimoto was living in Columbus when he was drafted into the United States Army on October 4, 1943. He volunteered for service in the all-Nisei (2nd generation Japanese-American) 442nd Regimental Combat Team.

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Private John R. Towle, USA (September 21, 1944)

504th Parachute Infantry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia (WC)

John Roderick Towle was born in Cleveland, Ohio on October 19, 1924. Towle, an “unskilled machine shop” employee with just a grade school education, was drafted into the United States Army on March 11, 1943 at age 18. After his initial training, he volunteered for airborne duty. After earning his jump wings, Towle was sent overseas to join the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment.

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Private First Class Arthur J. Jackson, USMC (September 18, 1944)

Arthur J. Jackson was born in Cleveland, Ohio on October 18, 1924. He volunteered and enlisted in the United States Marine Corps in December 1942 at age eighteen. After his recruit training in San Diego, California, he joined the 1st Marine Division in time to see his first combat service during the Battle of Cape Gloucester.

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Private First Class Harold Glenn Epperson, USMCR (June 25, 1944)

Harold Glenn Epperson was born in Akron, Ohio on July 14, 1923. He was employed by Goodyear in Akron when he volunteered for the United States Marine Corps Reserve on December 12, 1942. After training, he was placed with the active United States Marine Corps in the 1st Battalion 6th Marine Regiment, part of the 2nd Marine Division.

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Private First Class Patrick L. Kessler, USA (May 23, 1944)

Patrick L. Kessler was born on March 17, 1922 in Middletown, Ohio. According to his enlistment record, he was drafted on September 8, 1942, had completed just two years of high school, was working as a dairy farmer, and had once been married but was divorced and left no dependents.

Based on his induction date into the United States Army, I’m assuming that he was posted to the 3rd Infantry Division as a replacement for combat losses; I was not able to determine when he joined the division’s 30th Infantry Regiment in its 3rd Battalion, Company K.

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The American Horror Next Door

“Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. 

“Sec. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”… 

Now, therefore, be it known, that I, William H. Seward, Secretary of State of the United States…do hereby certify that the amendment aforesaid has become valid, to all intents and purposes, as a part of the Constitution of the United States. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the Department of State to be affixed. 

Done at the city of Washington, this eighteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, and of the Independence of the United States of America the ninetieth. 

Proclamation of the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment, December 18, 1865.

Today, in the closing days of the two hundred and thirty-seventh year of American Independence, less than one hundred and fifty years since the constitutional abolition of slavery in the United States, we take that abolition completely for granted. That’s a bold statement, I know, but I believe it completely justified.

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