Tag Archives: Marine Forces Reserve

Cpl. Lewis K. Bausell, USMC & 1st Lt. Carlton R. Rouh, USMCR (September 15, 1944)

On September 15, 1944, the United States Marine Corps1st Marine Division began the assault on the island of Peleliu. Peleliu was identified as a necessary target to seize as both flank protection and staging area for later attacks on the Philippines and on to Japan.

Two Marines – both from the 1st Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment – received the Medal of Honor for their heroism on the first day of the assault. Both were awarded because the Marines smothered grenade blasts with their bodies.

Continue reading Cpl. Lewis K. Bausell, USMC & 1st Lt. Carlton R. Rouh, USMCR (September 15, 1944)

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Private First Class Frank P. Witek, USMCR (August 3, 1944)

Frank Peter Witek was born on December 10, 1921 in Derby, Connecticut. He moved as a child with his family to Chicago, Illinois, and it was from there that he enlisted in the United States Marine Corps Reserve on January 20, 1942.

After training, Witek was assigned to the active Marine Corps as an automatic rifleman armed with an M1918 BAR with the 1st Battalion, 9th Marine Regiment as a component of the 3rd Marine Division. He fought with 1/9 on Bougainville, and then landed with them on Guam on July 21, 1944.

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Private Joseph W. Ozbourn, USMC (July 30, 1944)

Joseph William Ozbourn was born on October 24, 1919 in Herrin, Illinois. At the outset of World War II, he was working as a coal miner and was not subject to being drafted as that was considered a war-essential occupation. Nonetheless, he felt the call to bear arms and volunteered for the United States Marine Corps on October 30, 1943.

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Captain Louis H. Wilson, Jr., USMC (July 25-26, 1944)

Louis Hugh Wilson, Jr. was born in Brandon, Mississippi on February 11, 1920. He graduated from Millsaps College (Jackson, MS) with the class of 1941 and immediately enlisted in the United States Marine Corps Reserve.

Wilson was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in November of 1941, and at some point in his early service his commission became with the regular Marine Corps. After his initial officer training, he was assigned to the 9th Marine Regiment at San Diego which was being formed between 1942 and 1943 for combat in the Pacific as part of the 3rd Marine Division.

Continue reading Captain Louis H. Wilson, Jr., USMC (July 25-26, 1944)

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Private First Class Luther Skaggs, Jr., USMCR (July 21-22, 1944)

Luther Skaggs, Jr. was born in Henderson, Kentucky on March 3, 1923. He volunteered for the United States Marine Corps Reserve on October 6, 1942. After his recruit training at Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island, South Carolina he was placed with the active Marine Corps in the 3rd Battalion, 3rd Marine Regiment.

3/3 Marines, as part of the 3rd Marine Division, stormed ashore during the opening phases of the Battle of Guam, the largest of the Marianas Islands, on July 21, 1944.

Continue reading Private First Class Luther Skaggs, Jr., USMCR (July 21-22, 1944)

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Private First Class Harold C. Agerholm, USMCR (July 7, 1944)

Harold Crist Agerholm was born in Racine, Wisconsin on January 29, 1925. He enlisted in the United States Marine Corps Reserve at age 17 on July 16, 1942. After recruit training, he was posted as an artilleryman in the active United States Marine Corps with the Headquarters & Service Battery, 4th Battalion, 10th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division.

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Private First Class Harold Glenn Epperson, USMCR (June 25, 1944)

Harold Glenn Epperson was born in Akron, Ohio on July 14, 1923. He was employed by Goodyear in Akron when he volunteered for the United States Marine Corps Reserve on December 12, 1942. After training, he was placed with the active United States Marine Corps in the 1st Battalion 6th Marine Regiment, part of the 2nd Marine Division.

Continue reading Private First Class Harold Glenn Epperson, USMCR (June 25, 1944)

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TFH 2/2 Part 2: Private Richard K. Sorenson, USMCR

Richard Keith Sorenson was born in Anoka, Minnesota on August 28, 1924. After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on January 7, 1941, he wanted to enlist in the United States Navy to go to war for his country, but as he was just seventeen years old, he needed his parents’ permission, which they denied.

One year later, now eighteen, Sorenson enlisted in the United States Marine Corps Reserve on December 13, 1942 and after initial training at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego, was placed on active service with the United States Marine Corps‘ brand-new 4th Marine Division, then forming up and preparing for war at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton. Sorenson was assigned to Company M, 3rd Battalion, 24th Marine Regiment as an infantryman.

The 4th Marine Division spent extra time in training as they would depart the United States direct for a landing on an opposed shore. They sailed from California in January 1944. Their destination: Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands. The attack was codenamed Operation FLINTLOCK, and began on January 31, 1944.

As part of 3/24 Marines, Sorenson landed on the Namur portion of Kwajalein’s Roi-Namur island on February 1. The next day, with victory for the Americans in sight, the Japanese defenders launched desperate counterattacks that if they wouldn’t repel the invaders, they’d cause as much damage as possible.

Sorenson sought cover in a shell hole with five other Marines during one such counterattack. When a Japanese grenade landed in their midst, he selflessly covered the weapon with his own body absorb its blast and save the lives of his five comrades. Miraculously, and largely thanks to quick first aid rendered to him by a Navy Corpsman who tied off a severed artery and stabilized his other massive wounds, Sorenson survived the grenade explosion, and lived to receive the Medal of Honor he so assuredly deserved.

From Medal of Honor Citations for World War II (M-S):

SORENSON, RICHARD KEITH

Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, 4th Marine Division
Place and date: Namur Island, Kwajalein Atoll Marshall Islands, 1-2 February 1944
Entered service at: Minnesota

Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with an assault battalion attached to the 4th Marine Division during the battle of Namur Island, Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands, on 1-2 February 1944. Putting up a brave defense against a particularly violent counterattack by the enemy during invasion operations, Pvt. Sorenson and 5 other marines occupying a shellhole were endangered by a Japanese grenade thrown into their midst. Unhesitatingly, and with complete disregard for his own safety, Pvt. Sorenson hurled himself upon the deadly weapon, heroically taking the full impact of the explosion. As a result of his gallant action, he was severely wounded, but the lives of his comrades were saved. His great personal valor and exceptional spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of almost certain death were in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.

Sorenson endured six surgeries over nine months during his recovery. He learned that he would receive the Medal from the commander of the Seattle Naval Hospital, Captain Joel T. Boone, himself a Medal of Honor recipient for World War I.

He remained in the Marine Reserves after the war, was eventually commissioned as an officer, and was recalled to active service during the Korean War, although he served entirely in stateside roles and did not see further action. As a civilian, Sorenson worked in insurance but also spent many years working with the Veterans Administration (today the Department of Veterans Affairs), retiring in 1978 as the Director of veterans’ services for Nevada and several California counties.

Richard K. Sorenson passed away at age 80 on October 9, 2004 in Reno, Nevada. After memorial services there, his remains were transported back to his native Minnesota where he today rests in peace in the Fort Snelling National Cemetery, Minneapolis.

No vessel of the United States Navy has ever been named for this hero from their sister service. This is once again a good time to point out that we will have a USS Gabrielle Giffords in our fleet in the coming years.

The 24th Marine Regiment was deactivated in September 2013 as part of the restructuring of the 4th Marine Division. The Marines of the 24th’s 3rd Battalion were assimilated into the 3rd Battalion, 23rd Marines. Their headquarters, as reservists, are in St. Louis, Missouri.

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TFH 2/2 Part 1: Lieutenant Colonel Aquilla J. Dyess, USMCR

Aquilla James Dyess was born in Andersonville, Georgia on January 11, 1909. He was known to family and friends as “Jimmie”, was a member of the Boy Scouts of America growing up, and attained the rank of Eagle Scout. Dyess’ personal courage was first recognized after assisting in the rescue of a swimmer in risk of drowning 400 feet from shore, even though he wasn’t a particularly strong swimmer, on July 13, 1928. The following year, he received the Carnegie Medal from the Carnegie Hero Fund, along with the other rescuer, Barbara H. Muller.

Dyess attended Clemson College (now University), graduating with a degree in architecture as a member of the class of 1932. While at Clemson, he was a member of the Army‘s Reserve Officers Training Corps, and was commissioned as an infantry branch Second Lieutenant in the Army Reserve. Four years later, Dyess was commissioned into the United States Marine Corps Reserve as a First Lieutenant.

Dyess was a general contractor in civilian life. He was called to active service with the United States Marine Corps when the United States entered World War II. The Marine Corps underwent a massive, rapid expansion to support operations across the Pacific against the Empire of Japan, and Dyess was promoted rapidly.

By January 1944, Dyess was a Lieutenant Colonel and the commanding officer of the 1st Battalion, 24th Marine Regiment, 4th Marine Division. Their first combat action would be the Battle of Kwajalein, for which they were assigned as one of the assault units to land on Kwajalein Atoll‘s Namur Island. They stormed ashore on February 1, 1944.

For two days, Lieutenant Colonel Dyess stayed at the front of his battalion, ever urging them forward, and personally commanding groups of his Marines in local attacks. On February 2nd, as victory was nearly assured and 1/24 Marines were moving against the last Japanese strongpoint, Dyess was struck down by a burst of enemy machine gun fire. His indomitable courage and fighting spirit during the two days of battle was an inspiration to every Marine in his battalion, and deemed worthy of the Medal of Honor.

From Medal of Honor Citations for World War II (A-F):

*DYESS, AQUILLA JAMES

Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve

Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion, 24th Marines (Rein), 4th Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on Namur Island, Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands, 1 and 2 February 1944. Undaunted by severe fire from automatic Japanese weapons, Lt. Col. Dyess launched a powerful final attack on the second day of the assault, unhesitatingly posting himself between the opposing lines to point out objectives and avenues of approach and personally leading the advancing troops. Alert, and determined to quicken the pace of the offensive against increased enemy fire, he was constantly at the head of advance units, inspiring his men to push forward until the Japanese had been driven back to a small center of resistance and victory assured. While standing on the parapet of an antitank trench directing a group of infantry in a flanking attack against the last enemy position, Lt. Col. Dyess was killed by a burst of enemy machinegun fire. His daring and forceful leadership and his valiant fighting spirit in the face of terrific opposition were in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

Dyess was initially buried in the 4th Marine Division Cemetery on Namur. After the war, his remains were repatriated to the United States and were reburied in the Westover Memorial Park, Augusta, Georgia.

The USS Dyess (DD-880), a Gearing-class destroyer named for the heroic commander of 1/24, served with the United States Navy from her commissioning on May 21, 1945 until her decommissioning and retirement on January 27, 1981. The ship was sold to Greece to provide spare parts for other Gearing-class ships in their service later that year.

The 24th Marines were deactivated as a Marine Reserve infantry unit on September 9, 2013. The regiment’s 1st Battalion, Dyess’ command, remains as a reinforcement battalion for the 25th Marine Regiment and is part of today’s 4th Marine Division. The battalion is comprised of reservists from the north central United States and is based in Selfridge, Michigan.

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TFH 2/1 Part 2: First Lieutenant John V. Power, USMCR

John Vincent Power, “Jack” to family and friends, was born in Worcester, Massachusetts on November 20, 1918. He spent his entire childhood there, and stayed in his hometown to study at the College of the Holy Cross, from which he graduated with the class of 1941. With the United States’ entry into World War II after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, he answered America’s call in July of 1942 with his volunteer enlistment in the United States Marine Corps Reserve.

Power was sent to Officer Candidates’ School and received his commission as a Second Lieutenant on October 31, 1942. He was assigned in January 1943 to Company E of the 3rd Separate Battalion which, after transfer to Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton in California, was redesignated as Company K, 3rd Battalion, 24th Marine Regiment as the Marine Corps swelled for combat across the far reaches of the Pacific Ocean. Power was promoted to First Lieutenant in August 1943.

The 24th Marines sailed from California in January 1944 as part of the 4th Marine Division for the assault on Kwajalein Atoll.

The 24th Marines were designated as the assault force for the Namur side of the Roi-Namur islands at Kwajalein. They stormed ashore on February 1, 1944 and began reducing the Japanese beach defenses to rubble and annihilating the defenders.

First Lieutenant Power, commanding one of Company K’s rifle platoons, was shot in the stomach while leading his Marines forward against a Japanese strongpoint. Unwilling to give up his own attack to receive care and leave his Marines leaderless, he pressed forward until he was struck down by a second wound to his stomach and a bullet to the head while reloading his weapon.

Lieutenant Power’s courageous charge rallied his Marines and saw him posthumously decorated with the Medal of Honor.

From Medal of Honor Citations for World War II (M-S):

Image from powerclangathering.com

*POWER, JOHN VINCENT

Rank and organization. First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps

Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as platoon leader, attached to the 4th Marine Division, during the landing and battle of Namur Island, Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands, 1 February 1944. Severely wounded in the stomach while setting a demolition charge on a Japanese pillbox, 1st Lt. Power was steadfast in his determination to remain in action. Protecting his wound with his left hand and firing with his right, he courageously advanced as another hostile position was taken under attack, fiercely charging the opening made by the explosion and emptying his carbine into the pillbox. While attempting to reload and continue the attack, 1st Lt. Power was shot again in the stomach and head and collapsed in the doorway. His exceptional valor, fortitude and indomitable fighting spirit in the face of withering enemy fire were in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

Jack Power was initially buried in the 4th Marine Division Cemetery on Roi-Namur. At war’s end, his remains were repatriated to the United States and reburied in the Saint John’s Cemetery in Worcester. Power’s Medal was presented to his mother at the White House by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in November 1944; the Medal was later given to the College of the Holy Cross by his sisters.

While Lieutenant Power led his charge on Namur, PFC Richard B. Anderson saved three of his comrades on Roi from a dropped live grenade. On the other side of the world, Army PFC Alton W. Knappenberger held off a Nazi counter-attack with deadly accurate fires.

The Gearing-class destroyer USS Power (DD-839), named for the brave lieutenant of Roi-Namur, Kwajalein, served with the United States Navy from September 1945 to September 1977. The ship was later sold to the Taiwanese Navy and served with them until November 2005.

The entire 24th Marine Regiment was disbanded in 2013 and its battalions reallocated to other components of the present 4th Marine Division in the Marine Forces Reserve.

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