Tag Archives: 1st Marine Division

Private First Class Richard E. Kraus, USMCR (October 3, 1944)

As regular readers know, I’ve been blogging every World War II Medal of Honor recipient on their 70th anniversaries, and I have to offer my apologies because it appears I missed one!

Richard Edward Kraus was born on November 24, 1925 in Chicago, Illinois and grew up in Minneapolis, Minnesota. It was on his 18th birthday in 1943 that he joined the United States Marine Corps Reserve. His first combat action was during the Marine Corps‘ assault on Peleliu in the fall of 1944 as part of a unit attached to the 1st Marine Division.

Continue reading Private First Class Richard E. Kraus, USMCR (October 3, 1944)

Private First Class Wesley Phelps, USMCR (October 4, 1944)

Wesley Phelps was born on June 12, 1923 in Neafus, Kentucky. After graduating from high school in 1942, he began studying the trade of radio equipment repair. That career wasn’t to be as he was called by his nation for World War II service and inducted into the United States Marine Corps Reserve on April 9, 1943.

Continue reading Private First Class Wesley Phelps, USMCR (October 4, 1944)

Private First Class John D. New, USMC (September 25, 1944)

John Dury New was born on August 12, 1924 in Mobile, Alabama. He was just 17 years old on Sunday, December 7, 1941 when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. The following day, he was the very first man from Mobile to volunteer and enlist in the United States Marine Corps to go fight our Japanese enemy.

Continue reading Private First Class John D. New, USMC (September 25, 1944)

Captain Everett P. Pope, USMC (September 19-20, 1944)

Everett Parker Pope was born on July 16, 1919 in Milton, Massachusetts. He moved with his family to North Quincy and was a member of the North Quincy High School’s class of 1936. He then attended Bowdoin College in Maine. After graduating with honors in 1941, he enlisted in the United States Marine Corps.

Continue reading Captain Everett P. Pope, USMC (September 19-20, 1944)

Private First Class Charles H. Roan, USMCR (September 18, 1944)

Charles Howard Roan was born on August 26, 1923 in Claude, Texas. He enlisted in the United States Marine Corps Reserve in December 1942. After his training as a Marine rifleman, he joined the active Marine Corps’ 2nd Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment and the 1st Marine Division. Like Arthur J. Jackson, Roan’s first combat experience was during the Battle of Cape Gloucester.

Continue reading Private First Class Charles H. Roan, USMCR (September 18, 1944)

Private First Class Arthur J. Jackson, USMC (September 18, 1944)

Arthur J. Jackson was born in Cleveland, Ohio on October 18, 1924. He volunteered and enlisted in the United States Marine Corps in December 1942 at age eighteen. After his recruit training in San Diego, California, he joined the 1st Marine Division in time to see his first combat service during the Battle of Cape Gloucester.

Continue reading Private First Class Arthur J. Jackson, USMC (September 18, 1944)

Cpl. Lewis K. Bausell, USMC & 1st Lt. Carlton R. Rouh, USMCR (September 15, 1944)

On September 15, 1944, the United States Marine Corps1st Marine Division began the assault on the island of Peleliu. Peleliu was identified as a necessary target to seize as both flank protection and staging area for later attacks on the Philippines and on to Japan.

Two Marines – both from the 1st Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment – received the Medal of Honor for their heroism on the first day of the assault. Both were awarded because the Marines smothered grenade blasts with their bodies.

Continue reading Cpl. Lewis K. Bausell, USMC & 1st Lt. Carlton R. Rouh, USMCR (September 15, 1944)

Captain Louis H. Wilson, Jr., USMC (July 25-26, 1944)

Louis Hugh Wilson, Jr. was born in Brandon, Mississippi on February 11, 1920. He graduated from Millsaps College (Jackson, MS) with the class of 1941 and immediately enlisted in the United States Marine Corps Reserve.

Wilson was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in November of 1941, and at some point in his early service his commission became with the regular Marine Corps. After his initial officer training, he was assigned to the 9th Marine Regiment at San Diego which was being formed between 1942 and 1943 for combat in the Pacific as part of the 3rd Marine Division.

Continue reading Captain Louis H. Wilson, Jr., USMC (July 25-26, 1944)

TFH 4/14: Corporal Jason L. Dunham, USMC

Some might say November 20, 1981 was a date that destiny was set in motion. That day was the 206th birthday of the United States Marine Corps. It also was the day Jason Lee Dunham was born in Scio, New York. Jason grew up as a huge fan of the New York Yankees and played basketball in high school.

After graduating from Scio High School in 2000, Dunham enlisted in the Marines. He completed recruit training in October of the same year, and was eventually posted as part of the Marine security force at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay, Georgia where he served until 2003. Dunham joined the 3rd Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment in September 2003 when the battalion returned to the United States from their combat service during the invasion of Iraq. The unit would deploy for their second combat tour in February 2004 with the 1st Marine Division.

Continue reading TFH 4/14: Corporal Jason L. Dunham, USMC

TFH 11/20-22 Part 2: Colonel David M. Shoup, USMC

David Monroe Shoup was born on December 30, 1904 in an Indiana town whose name portended his future: Battle Ground. His family was poor, and after graduating from high school in 1921, he was able to attend DePauw University thanks only to a scholarship. While at DePauw, he joined the Army Reserve Officers Training Corps to earn extra money for living expenses.

Shoup graduated from DePauw and received a commission in the Army Reserve as a Second Lieutenant in 1926. Around that time, he had seen United States Marine Corps Major General John A. Lejeune, then Commandant of the Marine Corps, speak and offer opportunities and positions with the Corps for officer candidates. Shoup applied for transfer to the Marines, was accepted, and began serving with them on August 26, 1926.

He served two tours of duty overseas in China druing 1927-28 and in 1934. In between them, he was assigned to the Marine detachment aboard the battleship USS Maryland (BB-46) from 1929-31.

In May 1941, Shoup arrived in Iceland as part of a provisional Marine brigade sent there to deter a possible Nazi German attack on the strategically located island in the Atlantic. He was there on December 7, 1941 when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor and the United States was plunged into World War II.

He would soon leave Iceland for the United States and California, and from there, to war in the Pacific with the rest of his Corps. Continue reading TFH 11/20-22 Part 2: Colonel David M. Shoup, USMC