Staff Sergeant Herschel F. Briles, USA (November 20, 1944)

Herschel Floyd Briles, nicknamed “Pete”, was born in Colfax, Iowa on February 7, 1914. He joined the United States Army on his 27th birthday in February of 1941. By November of 1944, he was a Staff Sergeant with the 899th Tank Destroyer Battalion and was fighting against Nazi Germany in Europe.

On November 20, 1944 while attached to the 9th Infantry Division, Staff Sergeant Briles twice rescued comrades from burning M10 Tank Destroyers and, by his direct action, caused 55 enemy soldiers to surrender. He was later decorated with the Medal of Honor.

From Medal of Honor Citations for World War II (A-F):

Medal of Honor ribbon (foreground); World War II European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon (background)
Medal of Honor ribbon (foreground); World War II European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon (background)
Photo: Military Times’ Hall of Valor

BRILES, HERSCHEL F.

Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Co. C, 899th Tank Destroyer Battalion. Place and date: Near Scherpenseel, Germany, 20 November 1944. Entered service at: Fort Des Moines, Iowa. G.O. No.: 77, 10 September 1945

Citation: He was leading a platoon of destroyers across an exposed slope near Scherpenseel, Germany, on 20 November 1944, when they came under heavy enemy artillery fire. A direct hit was scored on 1 of the vehicles, killing 1 man, seriously wounding 2 others, and setting the destroyer afire. With a comrade, S/Sgt. Briles left the cover of his own armor and raced across ground raked by artillery and small-arms fire to the rescue of the men in the shattered destroyer. Without hesitation, he lowered himself into the burning turret, removed the wounded and then extinguished the fire. From a position he assumed the next morning, he observed hostile infantrymen advancing. With his machinegun, he poured such deadly fire into the enemy ranks that an entire pocket of 55 Germans surrendered, clearing the way for a junction between American units which had been held up for 2 days. Later that day, when another of his destroyers was hit by a concealed enemy tank, he again left protection to give assistance. With the help of another soldier, he evacuated two wounded under heavy fire and, returning to the burning vehicle, braved death from exploding ammunition to put out the flames. By his heroic initiative and complete disregard for personal safety, S/Sgt. Briles was largely responsible for causing heavy enemy casualties, forcing the surrender of 55 Germans, making possible the salvage of our vehicles, and saving the lives of wounded comrades.

Briles was later wounded in action on November 28, 1944. He attained the rank of First Sergeant before leaving the Army and returned to civilian life in Iowa, where he made his living in farming and livestock. He passed away at age 80 on July 17, 1994 and was laid to rest in the Waveland Cemetery of Prairie City, Iowa.

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