Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., USA (June 6, 1944)

cheap clomid free shipping Theodore Roosevelt III, known usually as “Junior” and “Ted” to his friends and family, was born on September 13, 1887 in Cove Neck, Oyster Bay, New York. Ted’s father was Theodore Roosevelt, at the time Assistant Secretary of the Navy and later the Governor of New York, the 25th Vice President, and the 26th President of the United States.

buy inderal la online Ted Roosevelt served throughout his life in both the public and private sector. He served as a Presidential appointee as Governor of Puerto Rico (1929-1932) and Governor General of the Philippines (1932-1933). He even had held one of the same offices as his father: Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1921-1924). He was an elected member of the New York State Assembly in 1920-21. In the private sector, he was both the Chairman of the Board of American Express and a Vice President at Doubleday books.

Ted Roosevelt was also a military hero, serving with distinction and valor in both World War I and World War II.

He went to World War I as an infantry officer and commanded both a battalion and a regiment before the end of the war. During his service from 1917 to 1918, he was decorated with the Distinguished Service Cross, Army Distinguished Service Medal, and two Silver Stars, ending the war with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.

After World War I, Ted Roosevelt was one of the founders of the veterans’ organization that we know today as the American Legion.

He returned to the United States Army in 1941, and soon was a Colonel commanding the 26th Infantry Regiment of the 1st Infantry Division. He was promoted to Brigadier General in late 1941, and was named as the 1st Division’s Assistant Commander, during which period he was awarded a third Silver Star for valor.

In February 1944, Supreme Allied Commander General Dwight D. Eisenhower brought Ted Roosevelt to England to work on the planning for the invasion of France at Normandy. He was assigned as the Assistant Division Commander of the 4th Infantry Division, and participated with the division’s soldiers in all aspects of their training as they prepared to assault Utah Beach.

Roosevelt requested, and was granted permission, to accompany the 4th Division’s 8th Regimental Combat Team in the first wave on D-Day, June 6, 1944. At age 56, Roosevelt was the oldest man to participate directly in the Allied landings, and was the only general officer to hit the beach from the sea in the first moments of the landings.

In those opening minutes on Utah Beach after 0630 hours, Brigadier General Roosevelt’s personal courage and leadership got the 4th Division moving quickly inland even though they had landed in the wrong place.

Roosevelt’s D-Day record would have seen him promoted to Major General and given command of the 90th Infantry Division, but he suffered a heart attack and died before he could be named as such on July 12, 1944.

On September 28, 1944, Roosevelt was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his hours on Utah Beach during D-Day.

From Medal of Honor Citations for World War II (M-S):

MOH-200px

Photo: Military Times’ Hall of Valor

*ROOSEVELT, THEODORE, JR.

Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Army. Place and date: Normandy invasion, 6 June 1944. Entered service at: Oyster Bay, N.Y. G.O. No.: 77, 28 September 1944

Citation: for gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 6 June 1944, in France. After 2 verbal requests to accompany the leading assault elements in the Normandy invasion had been denied, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt’s written request for this mission was approved and he landed with the first wave of the forces assaulting the enemy-held beaches. He repeatedly led groups from the beach, over the seawall and established them inland. His valor, courage, and presence in the very front of the attack and his complete unconcern at being under heavy fire inspired the troops to heights of enthusiasm and self-sacrifice. Although the enemy had the beach under constant direct fire, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt moved from one locality to another, rallying men around him, directed and personally led them against the enemy. Under his seasoned, precise, calm, and unfaltering leadership, assault troops reduced beach strong points and rapidly moved inland with minimum casualties. He thus contributed substantially to the successful establishment of the beachhead in France.

General Roosevelt rests in peace among the men he led into battle above Omaha Beach in the Normandy American Cemetery, Colleville-sur-Mer, France. His younger brother Quentin, killed in action during World War I, was exhumed from his original resting place elsewhere in France and reburied next to Ted, becoming the only World War I casualty buried in Normandy.

Here are General Roosevelt’s citations for his Distinguished Service Cross, Army Distinguished Service Medal, and two of his three Silver Stars (all from Military Times’ Hall of Valor).

DSC-200pxThe President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Major (Infantry) Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (ASN: 0-139726), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in action serving with the 26th Infantry Regiment, 1st Division, A.E.F., near Cantigny, France, 28 May 1918. After the completion of a raid Major Roosevelt exposed himself to intense machine-gun, rifle, and grenade fire while he went forward and assisted in rescuing a wounded member of the raiding party. At Soissons, France, 19 July 1918, he personally led the assault companies of his battalion, and although wounded in the knee he refused to be evacuated until carried off the field.

ArmyDSM-200pxThe President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry) Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (ASN: 0-139726), United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Battalion and Regimental Commander, 20th Infantry, Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt displayed consistent gallantry, conspicuous energy, and marked efficiency in the operations around Cantigny, Soissons, and during the Meuse-Argonne offensive. By his devotion to duty, pronounced tactical ability, and brilliant qualities of leadership he contributed materially to the success of his regiment and of the 1st Division. He rendered services of signal worth to the Government in a position of great responsibility at a time of gravest importance.

SilverStar-200pxBy direction of the President, under the provisions of the act of Congress approved July 9, 1918 (Bul. No. 43, W.D., 1918), Major Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., United States Army, is cited by the Commanding General, 1st Division, American Expeditionary Forces, for gallantry in action and a silver star may be placed upon the ribbon of the Victory Medals awarded him. Major Roosevelt distinguished himself by gallantry in action while serving with the 26th Infantry, 1st Division, American Expeditionary Forces, in action during the operations connected with the capture and defense of Cantigny, France, 27 to 31 May 1918. Major Roosevelt during an enemy raid, displayed high qualities of courage and leadership in going forward to supervise in person the action of one of the companies of his battalion which had been attacked; on the day of our attack upon Cantigny, although gassed in the lungs and gassed in the eyes to blindness, Major Roosevelt refused to be evacuated and retained command of his battalion, under heavy bombardment, throughout the engagement.

SilverStar-200pxThe President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Third Award of the Silver Star to Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (ASN: 0-139726), United States Army, for gallantry in action while serving with the 1st Infantry Division. When enemy forces began a savage counterattack on our positions, General Roosevelt proceeded immediately to a forward observation post subjected to particularly intense enemy artillery fire, strafing, and furious dive-bombing, returning to the Division Command Post only when the enemy threat had been dispelled. General Roosevelt’s gallant leadership and dedicated devotion to duty, without regard for his own life, were in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.

The 4th Infantry Division is still an active component of the modern United States Army and is based at Fort Carson, Colorado.

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One thought on “Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., USA (June 6, 1944)”

  1. Thank you for this excellent article. A thank you to my Godson Joseph Emanuele, for Sharing this article on FB.

    We need to make use of our PBS channels to educate the 21st
    generation about the BRAVE Men/Soldiers and Nurses from all
    all over America, who served, fought and died for the USA. I was born in1943, and Thank God to the Armed Forces for keeping our country safe and free. Freedom isn’t free, we must cherish it and defend it!! ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK THAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTRY.

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